NFU Cymru calls for funding rethink to support farmers’ food and environment ambitions

Aled Jones head and shoulders shot

NFU Cymru is calling on governments to provide long-term funding arrangements that accurately reflect the modern-day cost to Welsh farmers of producing food, enhancing the environment and combatting climate change.

That was the key message from the union’s President Aled Jones when he opened the third NFU Cymru/Wynnstay Sustainable Farming Conference, which took place on-farm on the Llŷn Peninsula, on Thursday 28 September.

Real term deficit

During his speech, NFU Cymru President Aled Jones highlighted the real terms deficit between farming support settlements and rising inflation over the last decade, and the destabilising impact this is having on farm business viability. While Mr Jones commends Welsh Government for its commitment to maintaining the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) budget for 2023, and with no respite in the challenges Welsh farming faces, Mr Jones stressed the absolute importance of maintaining the BPS budget for 2024 at current levels. 

“The entire rural affairs budget, including agriculture, currently makes up just 2% of Welsh Government spending. In 2022, farming delivered a gross output of £2.1 billion pounds. We can say confidently, therefore, there is a nine to one return for every BPS pound invested in Welsh farming. By any measure farming delivers excellent value for money."
Aled Jones  

He warned that in the context of agri-inflation having risen 40% since 2020, future settlements that do not recognise the industry’s escalating costs and result in a real terms loss will challenge farming’s ability to meet its food, environment and climate ambitions. 

Nine to one return

Speaking to the conference audience gathered at Bodwi farm, Mynytho, NFU Cymru President Aled Jones said: “The BPS is absolutely imperative, not only for Welsh farm businesses, but for the vitality of our rural communities, the wider supply chain and for our environment. Farmers can only deliver for the environment from a position of farm business viability. 

“The entire rural affairs budget, including agriculture, currently makes up just 2% of Welsh Government spending. In 2022, farming delivered a gross output of £2.1 billion pounds. We can say confidently, therefore, there is a nine to one return for every BPS pound invested in Welsh farming. By any measure farming delivers excellent value for money.  

Agricultural inflation

“It is also important to recognise budgets for agriculture remain at levels established via the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) a decade or so ago. The Bank of England inflation calculator clearly shows the BPS budget would need to increase by £79 million pounds - from £238m to £317m - just to stand still with inflation over the past decade. Replacement CAP funds - Pillar 1 Direct Payments and Pillar 2 - need to increase to half a billion just to keep pace. 

“In this context, ‘not a penny less’ funding for farming is not a sustainable position. NFU Cymru and Welsh Government have significant ambitions for farming and the role we can play delivering climate-friendly food production whilst enhancing our environment. But with escalating costs, tighter margins and lower returns from the marketplace, more needs to be done to understand the cost of delivering on those ambitions.

Long-term funding arrangement

“Our current and future governments in both Cardiff Bay and Westminster need to deliver on a long-term funding arrangement that properly reflects the funding required to deliver on our food, environment and climate ambitions.”

NFU Cymru President Aled Jones also used his speech to reiterate the union’s position on Welsh Government’s proposals for the new Sustainable Farming Scheme. Mr Jones said: “Of course, the delivery of Welsh Government’s nature and climate objectives is dependent not only on funding, but also maintaining and enhancing levels of on-farm action. From 2025 we expect that to mean participation in the proposed Sustainable Farming Scheme.

Tree cover targets

“NFU Cymru remains supportive of the overarching structure of the proposed Sustainable Farming Scheme arranged around universal, optional and collaborative tiers. We strongly support the principle of farmers receiving a baseline sustainability payment in return for carrying out a set of universal actions. However, universal actions must work for all farmers – that’s all sectors, locations, land tenures and types.

“It will come as no surprise that NFU Cymru is extremely concerned that the very real issues we have highlighted relating to Welsh Government’s 10% tree cover have not yet been addressed. In our response to the SFS outline proposals last year, NFU Cymru highlighted the broad range of issues associated with the 10% tree cover and 10% habitat targets – some are regulatory, some are environmental, some are economic, some are agronomic – but all need to be understood and addressed within the scheme design. We remain in no doubt that Welsh Government’s 10% tree cover targets present a very real barrier to scheme participation for many farmers in Wales. 

Workable for all

“Participation is going to be absolutely central to the delivery of Welsh Government’s objectives and we want to be clear, as farmers, we are prepared to plant hedges, shelterbelts, streamside corridors and field corners on areas we identify as appropriate for planting. 

“We can integrate more trees into farming systems – but we will not take our productive land out of food production for trees. We need a solution that recognises this and we stand ready to work with government on this issue so that we have a scheme that works for all farmers in Wales.”

Meeting our ambition

Mr Jones ended his speech by saying: “As we will see and hear at today’s conference - there is much to celebrate in terms of farming’s commitment to the environment. I am immensely proud of the unparalleled contribution Welsh agriculture makes to our rural communities, economy, environment, landscape, as well as to our national identity, our language and our culture.

“Our sector underpins the £8billion Welsh food and drink industry, which is Wales’ largest employer with around 230,000 people linked to roles in the sector. We have the resources to be world leaders in climate friendly food production, contributing to domestic and global food security. Welsh Government must deliver the budgetary and policy levers needed to ensure that we meet this ambition and we are committed to continuing these discussions to make our goal a reality.”

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